Happy Easter weekend from all the staff at Cedar Publishing :) Stay safe while travelling this weekend…

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Safety in the garage is important,clutter can cause unnecessary accidents.Read this article for some great Spring cleaning tips for the garage…

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Garage Safety

 

Garages aren’t just for cars; they are an extension of our homes. Most families use the garage for storage or projects that are too big or too messy for indoors. Unfortunately, the garage can be a magnet for junk, which also makes it a place where falls, poisonings and fires can happen. Families should think of the garage as a room of the home and take the following steps to make it safer.

 

Store Poisons Safely

 

  • Read the labels of products you buy and keep in your garage. If you see the words “Caution,” “Warning,” “Danger,” “Poison,” or “Keep Out of Reach of Children,” be very careful to store them out of reach of children and away from heat.

 

  • Store poisons in a place where children cannot see or touch them. Use child safety locks to secure cabinets. Examples of products to keep locked up include: automotive fluids, anti-freeze, paint thinner, pesticides and turpentine.

 

  • Keep products in the container they came in. Do not put them in a different bottle or jar for storage.

 

  • Do not mix products together. The contents could mix with dangerous results.

 

  • Pool chemicals are poisonous and can catch on fire. Follow the manufacturer’s directions when storing pool chemicals.

 

  • Keep pool chemicals dry, tightly covered, in the container they came in and away from other chemical products.

 

  • Gasoline is very dangerous inside a home or garage. Gasoline vapours can explode with only a tiny spark.

 

  • It is best not to keep gasoline at home. If you must keep some, use a special container.

 

  • If you can, keep the container in an outdoor shed and away from your home. Close all the openings.

 

  • To prevent carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning, never run a barbecue grill, car or generator in the garage or any other room of your home.

 

Garage Organization

 

  • Avoid tip-overs, make sure garage shelves are not overloaded and anchor them to the wall.
  • Always store heavier items close to the ground.
  • Organize all items in designated, easy-to-reach places.

 

  • Store ladders horizontally and off the floor to prevent tripping. Secure ladders with hooks and brackets that are secured to the wall.

 

  • Place hooks and brackets out of children’s reach.

 

  • Store shovels, rakes, lawn chairs, bikes and other sharp and large objects on the wall and out of high traffic areas.

 

  • Organize and store sharp or electrical tools in a locked cabinet or up high where children cannot reach.

 

  • Organize and store safety accessories close to the tools they should be used with.
  • Secure any working refrigerators or freezers with child safety locks so children cannot get inside. If the units are unused, remove the doors for storage.

 

  • Safely dispose of oil or gas-soaked rags after use.

 

  • Clean any dust or trash in the garage to keep it from interfering with the electrical system.

 

  • Organize and store sports gear, toys and recreational items together and off the garage floor to prevent tripping.

 

Prevent Injuries in the Garage

 

  • To prevent falls, keep the garage floor, steps and entries clear of clutter.

 

  • Install secure handrails on both sides of stairs and make sure that they extend the entire length of the stairs.

 

  • Clean up grease and other spills when they happen.

 

  • Watch young children closely when they are in the garage.

 

  • Use bright lights at the top and bottom of stairs.
  • Make sure your garage is well lit.
  • When purchasing or remodelling a home with a garage, make sure the door has an auto-reverse feature.
  • Place a paper towel roll under the garage door as it closes to test the safety device. The door should open quickly meaning it won’t trap people or pets.
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Read this article for 10 helpful tips when dealing with your children as well as tips that will help them become young productive adults…

School Kids Diversity

10 TIPS: Preparing for Challenges
1. First and foremost, work on improving your communication with your child. Build trust by actively listening and showing your deep concern about them. Establish and keep a consistent daily time to talk with them, not ‘at’ them. Include sensitive topics related to sexual challenges: abstinence, STD’s, AIDS, rape, casual sex, intercourse, sexual abuse, drug abuse.
2. . Do not suppose because your child acts as if he/she is well informed about sex and abuse that it is so. When discussing sensitive and frightening topics, maintain a calm, reassuring tone of voice so that your child does not feel a sense of panic.
3. Use the newspaper/TV, all media stories as starting points for discussion. Ask your child how he/she sees the situation, ask him/her what options there might have been or how the person in the story might better have handled the situation.
4. Encourage your child to think about choices and consequences, pleasures and penalties.
5. Gradually increase your child’s decision-making opportunities. Start simple.
6. Use TV shows/movies/CDs/video games as the catalyst for discussing risky behaviors and deadly behaviors. Discuss the image that celebs project and the dangers of some of their messages.
7. Reinforce the notion of respect for self, to include respect of the body, e.g. when is touching good/loving or bad/selfish?
8. Develop an escape plan for your child. List safe places as well as trusted people and phone numbers who can provide immediate help.
9. Reinforce the notion of ‘safety in numbers’ when shopping, walking to school, etc. as well as remaining alert to the surrounding environment for potential danger.
10. Establish an understanding that you (or a designated trusted surrogate) will always be available for ‘rescue’ transportation should the need arise and without a lecture afterward!

In conclusion, think about that old saying, “Better safe than sorry.” Your ‘abuse-proof’ preparations will improve your state of mind and hopefully, make your child’s journey to adult-hood less risky.

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Read this article for some frequently asked questions about 911…

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Frequently Asked Questions About 911

Call 911 during any emergency where property or people are at risk. For examples of ambulance emergencies click here.

What you should know when dialing 911?

  • At home, you can dial 911 direct
  • At a business or other location, you may need to dial an outside line before dialing                 911
  • At a pay phone, dial 911, the call is free
  • When using a cellular phone be prepared to give the exact location of the                 emergency, the call is free
  • For TTY access (Telephone Device for the Deaf) press the spacebar announcer key repeatedly until a response is received
  • If the caller does not speak English, tell the call taker the name of the language in English. The caller must stay on the line while the call taker contacts our telephone translations service.

What you can do to help 911 help you!?

  • Remain calm and speak clearly. Identify which emergency service you require   (police, fire, or ambulance) and be prepared to provide the following information:
  • Your language, if other than English
  • Which emergency service you need: police, fire or ambulance
  • A description of what is happening
  • The location
  • Your name, address and telephone number
  • Please remain on the line to provide additional information if requested to do so by the call taker.
  • Do not hang up until the call taker tells you to do so.
  • Remember, it is important to have your house numbers visible from the street. This will assist emergency personnel in finding you as quickly as possible.

My family member does not speak English. What should they do in an emergency?

Explain to your family member to call 911 even if they don’t speak English. Say the name of the language they speak in English and wait on the line until the call taker can get the translation service on the line.

What is a Paramedic?

Paramedics are professionals trained in providing emergency medical care and authorized by a doctor to perform specific medical procedures and administer specific medications.

What do the bars on the shoulders of paramedics signify?

Paramedics wear epaulettes on their shoulders. Each bar on the epaulette represents his or her attained level of paramedicine, from level I to Level III.

You might also see EMS management staff wearing epaulettes. These men and women wear white shirts, and the bars on their epaulettes are as follows 1: Alternate Rate Supervisor, 2: Supervisor, 3: Manager, 4: Director, 5: Chief.

Why does it say ambulance backwards on the hood?

AMBULANCE is spelled backwards on the hood of all of our ambulances so that the word is easy to read in your rear view mirror when the ambulance is behind your vehicle.

Why can’t the paramedics take me to my hospital?

The paramedics take the most life threatening cases to the closest hospital to get rapid treatment. Other patients are directed to hospitals by the Communications Centre’s Hospital Destination Coordinator.

The Destination Coordinator attempts to direct the ambulance to the Emergency Department that matches the patient’s medical requirements. The Destination Coordinator also tries to even out the load on all the hospitals. The emergency departments are very busy. Load balancing helps ensure Ambulances are available to others who need them.

Why do ambulances sometimes turn off their lights and sirens when I just pulled over to let them pass?

Lights and sirens are used for high priority emergency calls. Emergency warning systems are deactivated if the call priority has been downgraded or the call has been cancelled.

I have complaints/comments about the service I received who do I contact?

Contact the Professional Standards department.

How can I get trained in First Aid & CPR?

EMS offers First Aid and CPR Courses.

A complete list of certified training agencies is listed on the Workplace Insurance and Safety Board’s Web Site.

How can I get someone from EMS to speak to my community group?

Talks can be arranged by talking with our Public Liaison Officers.

I am on Home Care. Does this affect whether I receive a bill?

Yes, in some circumstances. Patients being sent home on Home Care will not receive a bill for service, but subsequent calls for ambulance service which are not ordered by your Doctor, will be billed. Whether or not you are responsible for paying these bills should be discussed with Home Care.

When I had my accident, the Paramedics provided first aid care at the scene, but I refused to be taken to hospital. Is there any charge for this service?

There is no charge for this service. You will, however, be required to sign a form releasing EMS and its employees from any liability arising from your refusal to go to the hospital.

I was brought for emergency treatment, and it is now time to go home. I am being sent home by ambulance. What is the charge for this service?

Out of town transfers are billed at the basic rate, plus an additional charge for each kilometre over 60 km. travelled.

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Happy rainy friday from all the staff at Cedar Publishing :) Have a wonderful and safe weekend…

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When travelling,safety should be first and foremost for you and your family.Read this article for some tips on how to travel safely…

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Safety Advice for Travelers

Hotel Motel Room Sanctuary

When traveling on business or pleasure, it may become necessary to stay overnight in a hotel or motel. Your hotel room becomes your home for the night and is your sanctuary while you sleep. It is important to give some thought about security planning. What hotel or motel are you going to select, and what room you are willing to accept? The cost of the hotel room is not always the best predictor of how safe the room will be. There are a few security rules of thumb that should apply to any hotel room you rent.

Higher Floors are Safer

Upper floors are safer from crime, but worse for fire rescue. Emergency rescue is best below the fifth floor. I compromise by picking a modern fire-safe hotel and always request a room on an upper floor to reduce crime exposure. Ground floor rooms are more vulnerable to crime problems because of access and ease of escape. In a high-rise building, rooms above the fifth floor are usually safer from crime than those below because of lesser accessibility and ease of escape. Also, rooms not adjacent to fire stairs are safer from room invaders because they use them for escape. Criminals do not want to be trapped on an upper floor inside a high-rise hotel. By design, high-rise buildings usually have fewer ground level access points and are easier for the hotel staff to monitor who passes through the lobby after hours.

Door Security Hardware

Hotel or motel rooms should be equipped with a solid-core wood or metal door for best protection. Doors should be self-closing and self-locking. Room doors should have a deadbolt lock with at least a one-inch throw bolt. If the lock appears worn or there are pry marks around the lock area, get another room or move to another hotel. The knob-lock should be hotel-style where you can push a button on the inside knob and block out all keys. This feature is designed to prevent a former guest or housekeeper from entering the room once you are safely inside. Hotels with electronic card access have the advantage of being able to disable former keycards issued to previous guests and unauthorized employees. The room door should have a wide-angle peephole so you can view who is at the door before opening.

Access Control

Do not open your door to someone who knocks unannounced. Some criminals will pretend to be a bellman, room service, maintenance, or even hotel security to gain admittance to your room. Always call the front desk to confirm their status with the hotel and only open the door if you requested the service. Do not rely on door chains or swing bars to secure the doors while you partially open the door to speak someone. These are unreliable security devices. Teach your children not to open the door of any hotel room without knowing the person on the other side and without your permission.

Other Entry Points

Make sure all windows and sliding doors are secured, if they are accessible from the ground. It is a good idea to test all windows and glass doors to see if they are secure. Beware of balconies where someone can climb from one to another and enter through an open window or sliding door. If the windows or sliding doors are not securable, ask for another room or find another hotel. If your room has an adjoining door to an adjacent room, check it to see that it is secured with a deadbolt lock. If it is questionable, ask for another room.

Beware the Parking Lot

If you are a woman traveling alone or with small children, take advantage of car valet service, if available to avoid the parking lot. After checking-in, ask the bellman or desk clerk to escort you to your room. After unlocking the room, quickly inspect the closets, under the bed, and bathroom including behind the shower curtain before the bellman leaves. Tip the bellman for his efforts.

Occupancy Cues

Put the Do-Not-Disturb sign on the doorknob even when you are away, this deters room burglars (it may affect housekeeping service, however). Turn on the TV or radio just loud enough to hear through the door to give the appearance that the room is occupied. Leave one light on inside the room if you will return after dark. This helps you see upon re-entry and gives the room the appearance of occupancy from the outside. Always go through the same room inspection routine every time you re-enter. Women travelling alone should use caution when using the breakfast order door-knob hanger card. This card lists your name and number of persons in the room. A smart crook can knock on the door an use your name as a ruse to gain entry.

When you find a suitable hotel that meets your safety standards and will cater to your security needs try to stick with it or with the same hotel chain. Don’t be afraid to complain to management to get the safe room you deserve.

  • Always request a room on an upper floor, if possible
  • A solid door with a good deadbolt lock is best
  • Electronic card access locks help limit access
  • Make sure your door has a peephole and night latch and use it
  • Turn on the TV or radio just loud enough to hear through the door
  • Turn on a single light in the room if you plan to return after dark
  • Inspect the room hiding places upon entering and check all locks
  • Ask the bellman for an escort and use valet parking if alone
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Nobody wants to think a disaster will happen where they live.Think again,it can happen anywhere,anytime,so be prepared.Read this article to learn about different disasters as well as emergency plans…

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Emergency Plans
Why have an emergency plan?

A definite plan to deal with major emergencies is an important element of OH&S programs.

Besides the major benefit of providing guidance during an emergency, developing the plan has other advantages. You may discover unrecognized hazardous conditions that would aggravate an emergency situation and you can work to eliminate them. The planning process may bring to light deficiencies, such as the lack of resources (equipment, trained personnel, supplies), or items that can be rectified before an emergency occurs. In addition an emergency plan promotes safety awareness and shows the organization’s commitment to the safety of workers.

The lack of an emergency plan could lead to severe losses such as multiple casualties and possible financial collapse of the organization.

An attitude of “it can’t happen here” may be present. People may not be willing to take the time and effort to examine the problem. However, emergency planning is an important part of company operation.

Since emergencies will occur, preplanning is necessary to prevent possible disaster. An urgent need for rapid decisions, shortage of time, and lack of resources and trained personnel can lead to chaos during an emergency. Time and circumstances in an emergency mean that normal channels of authority and communication cannot be relied upon to function routinely. The stress of the situation can lead to poor judgement resulting in severe losses.
What is the overall objective of the plan?

An emergency plan specifies procedures for handling sudden unexpected situations. The objective is to reduce the possible consequences of the emergency by:

  • preventing fatalities and injuries;
  • reducing damage to buildings, stock, and equipment; and
  • accelerating the resumption of normal operations.

You should also consider potential impact to the environment, and to the community in your emergency plan.

Development of the plan begins with a vulnerability assessment. This results of the study will show:

  • how likely a situation is to occur
  • what means are available to stop or prevent the situation and
  • what is necessary for a given situation.

From this analysis, appropriate emergency procedures can be established.

At the planning stage, it is important that several groups be asked to participate. Among these groups, the joint occupational health and safety committee can provide valuable input and a means of wider worker involvement. Appropriate municipal officials should also be consulted since control may be exercised by the local government in major emergencies and additional resources may be available. Communication, training and periodic drills will ensure adequate performance if the plan must be carried out.
What is a vulnerability assessment?

Although emergencies by definition are sudden events, their occurrence can be predicted with some degree of certainty. The first step is to find which hazards pose a threat to any specific enterprise.

When a list of hazards is made, records of past incidents and occupational experience are not the only sources of valuable information. Since major emergencies are rare events, knowledge of both technological (chemical or physical) and natural hazards can be broadened by consulting with fire departments, insurance companies, engineering consultants, and government departments.
What are technological and natural hazards?

Areas where flammables, explosives, or chemicals are used or stored should be considered as the most likely place for a technological hazard emergency to occur. Examples of these hazards are:

  • fire
  • explosion
  • building collapse
  • major structural failure
  • spills of flammable liquids
  • accidental release of toxic substances
  • deliberate release of hazardous biological agents, or toxic chemicals
  • other terrorist activities
  • exposure to ionizing radiation
  • loss of electrical power
  • loss of water supply
  • loss of communications
  • environment agencies

The risk from natural hazards is not the same across Canada but the list would include:

  • floods,
  • earthquakes,
  • tornados,
  • other severe wind storms,
  • snow or ice storms,
  • severe extremes in temperature (cold or hot), and
  • pandemic diseases like influenza.

The possibility of one event triggering others must be considered. An explosion may start a fire and cause structural failure while an earthquake might initiate all the events noted in the list of chemical and physical hazards.
What is the series of events or decisions that should be considered?

Having identified the hazards, the possible major impacts of each should be itemized, such as:

  • sequential events (for example, fire after explosion)
  • evacuation
  • casualties
  • damage to plant infrastructure
  • loss of vital records/documents
  • damage to equipment
  • disruption of work

Based on these events, the required actions are determined. For example:

  • declare emergency
  • sound the alert
  • evacuate danger zone
  • close main shutoffs
  • call for external aid
  • initiate rescue operations
  • attend to casualties
  • fight fire

The final consideration is a list and the location of resources needed:

  • medical supplies
  • auxiliary communication equipment
  • power generators
  • respirators
  • chemical and radiation detection equipment
  • mobile equipment
  • emergency protective clothing
  • fire fighting equipment
  • ambulance
  • rescue equipment
  • trained personnel

What are elements of the emergency plan?

The emergency plan includes

  • all possible emergencies, consequences, required actions, written procedures, and the resources available
  • detailed lists of personnel including their home telephone numbers, their duties and responsibilities
  • floor plans, and
  • large scale maps showing evacuation routes and service conduits (such as gas and water lines).

Since a sizable document will likely result, the plan should provide staff members with written instructions about their particular emergency duties.

The following are examples of the parts of an emergency plan. These elements may not cover every situation in every workplace but they are provided as a general guideline when writing a workplace specific plan:

Objective

The objective is a brief summary of the purpose of the plan; that is, to reduce human injury and damage to property in an emergency. It also specifies those staff members who may put the plan into action. The objective identifies clearly who these staff members are since the normal chain of command cannot always be available on short notice. At least one of them must be on the site at all times when the premises are occupied. The extent of authority of these personnel must be clearly indicated.

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